BORDERS: Frames used to enclose text or illustrations.
COMPOSITION: The plan, placement, or arrangement of the elements of art and principles of design in a work.
GRAPHIC ART: Visual arts, often linear in character, such as drawing, engraving, and printmaking, used in conjunction with lettering and typography.
FIELD OF ACTION: The page or page spread
FOCAL POINT: The place in a composition which draws the eye, usually because an element is emphasized.
FOREGROUND: Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be closest to the viewer or in the front.
FRAMING: A technique in which the illustrator creates action and movement.
GUTTER: The open space between the pages where the pages form the spine.
ILLUSTRATION: The artistic interpretation of an idea through various techniques, such as drawing, painting, or printmaking.
MOOD: The state of mind or feeling communicated in a work of art, frequently through color.
MOTIF: A unit repeated over and over in a pattern.
OVERLAP: When parts of a picture lie on top of other parts.
PANELS: Illustrations that are broken apart for effect.
PORTRAIT: A likeness of a particular person or animal. Also used to describe vertical orientation.
RUNNING STORY: Objects or picture elements that reoccur throughout the picture book.
VIGNETTES: Small inset illustrations that can be integrated into double-page illustrations or isolated and balanced against text.